The transportation system has always been connected with the advancement of modern technology. If motor vehicles had not been invented yet, we probably would have been using the animals and the cycle vans for product delivery and traveling. World pace would have been slower to a great extent than it is now. All these have been possible for the use of digital technology in the communication system.
After a period of more than a hundred years of gradual urbanization process, people have started to think about inventing more energy-efficient and environment-friendly vehicles. As a result of which, hybrid cars are on the road!
Instead of using limited fuel sources, scientists have been opting out to using a more renewable and eco-friendly source of power, which is nonetheless, electricity! Under pressure to help comply with international energy and global climate change targets national and municipal policy is encouraging the adoption of electrical and hybrid vehicles and a ban on diesel vehicles.
Conservative estimates predict there will be around 40 million electric vehicles on Europe’s roads by 2040 and the main role behind this is played by the usage of digital technology.
Using research data and digital innovation to create such innovative models and revenue streams can only empower the consumer further and create a stronger customer experience in an environment-friendly way.
How do Hybrid Cars Work?
Have you ever wondered how do submarines run underneath the water surface? Do they use diesel engines or electrical engines or battery-powered engines? Or a combination of these kinds? If no, then let’s learn about something new!
Normally the cars we tend to drive or the automobiles that we generally use ordinarily run on a specific kind of engines like a diesel engine or CNG or electrical engine. But in order to be more efficient at producing torque, or turning power, the electric engine is the most useful. On the contrary, the combustion engine is better for maintaining a high speed. Again, you already know that the engine using CNG is more eco-friendly than the diesel one.
So, in such cases, as to attain the highest “energy efficiency” or “fuel efficiency”, the invention of the hybrid car became more fruitful. The submarines are a great example of using a combination of two or more distinct types of power in a single-vehicle, which is named the “hybrid vehicle”. They use diesel once surfaced and batteries once submerged.
Hybrid systems are coming into use for cars, trucks, buses and other heavy highway vehicles. Toyota, Ford, GM, and others are the first to introduce hybrid pickups and SUVs.
Hybrid Electric Cars
The most common kind of hybrid cars uses an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. The electric motor is powered by the energy stored in the batteries. Getting worried about the process of charging the batteries? It’s not your problem to solve. The battery gets automatically charged through regenerative braking and by the internal combustion engine itself.
The battery additionally powers auxiliary loads like sound systems and headlights. Another necessary facet of the batteries is they cut back engine inactivity when the vehicle is stopped. Together, these features result in an improved fuel economy while not sacrificing performance.
The core components of hybrid electric cars are an auxiliary battery, DC converter, electric generator, electric traction motor, fuel tank and last but not least, the internal combustion engine. Power electronics controller is also a vital part to manage the flow of electrical energy delivered by the traction battery.
Plug-in hybrid Electric Vehicles
Another kind of famous hybrid vehicle is plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). They typically use batteries to power an electric motor. They also have to use another fuel, such as gasoline or diesel, to power an internal combustion engine (ICE).
PHEV batteries also get charged automatically by the combustion engine likewise the hybrid electric cars. They can also be charged using a wall outlet or charging station, or through regenerative braking. The vehicle typically runs on electric power until the battery is exhausted of its powers, and then the car automatically switches over to use the ICE.
The core components of the plug-in electric vehicles are as same as hybrid electric vehicles. But they have the extra parts of the charge port and the onboard charger which takes the incoming AC electricity supplied via the charge port and converts it to DC power for charging the traction battery.
Petro-hydraulic configurations, till now, have been common in trains and heavy vehicles for decades. However, the auto industry recently centered its focus on this hybrid configuration for introduction into smaller vehicles, mainly for cars.
In Petro-hydraulic hybrids, the energy recovery rate is high. The charging engine needs only to be sized for average usage for smaller vehicles like cars with acceleration bursts. It uses the stored energy in the hydraulic accumulator, which is charged before. It comes into operation in low energy demanding vehicle operation. The charging engine runs at optimum speed and loads for efficiency and longevity.
So, will your car brand eventually become your energy supplier or vice versa?
One thing is for sure. When scientists and industries come together to solve problems, then the results can often turn out societal change and behavior. In the end, all thank goes to digital technology!