I know that randomly shutting down your laptop while playing games or watching movies is one of the most irritating things in the world. However, do you know it is done for your laptop’s own sake? Today’s laptops and computers are designed in such a way that whenever something major failure is about to occur, the laptops or computers shut down themselves to be saved from a breakdown.
But no matter how many good reasons your laptop is shutting down suddenly without any notice, you won’t be and should not be satisfied with this outcome. You want to prevent the very causes that are forcing the laptop to randomly shut down. This article is going to assist you in this regard. You must have a clear idea about the potential reasons behind this grave issue before finding the solution. I have compiled the top 10 fixes for different errors so that you can easily stop your laptop from randomly shutting down.
How to Stop Your Laptop from Randomly Shutting Down
As we all know, the laptop is a compact device bombarded with all the physical equipment and devices in a small area, hence there is a high chance for any sort of disturbance to have occurred. The laptop can shut down itself from time to time to prevent any major failure. There can be a number of reasons responsible for this shutting down error. Here is a list of the top 10 causes as well as fixes to solute the matter.
1. Protect Your Laptop From Overheating
Overheating is one of the common reasons for randomly shutting down laptops. When your laptop’s processor is too busy handling high-density activities beyond its capacity and that is when overheating happens. Generally playing high-resolution games and working with video processing is mostly responsible for overheating your laptop. So, do not play games that are not compatible with your laptop.
You can test your laptop whether it is overheated or not by feeling the heat with your hand on the side of the laptop where the exhaust chamber is mounted. Moderate heat is ok but if you feel too much heat almost burning you, then you may need to do something about it. Installing an extra cooling pad can be a great idea to protect your laptop from overheating.
2. Clean Up the Cooling Fan and Inside the Laptop
There can be dust and residue piling up inside your laptop. When the cooling fans are covered with dust, naturally they cannot work properly. As a result, various parts inside the laptop, such as the motherboard, CPU, video card, etc. experience heating when the cooling fans associated with these parts do not operate well.
You would need to open up the back cover of your laptop so that you can lose the screws of the cooling fans to detach them from the device. Now, clean up the dust around the fan with a piece of cloth or even by using a computer vacuum cleaner. However, it is a complex task that you should not attempt unless you are an expert in this field. Hence, go to your nearby service center and let them do the cleaning for you.
3. Check if All the Hardware Components Are Working Properly
Hardware failure can be another reason for the random shutdown of your laptop. You can check whether or not all the devices are working properly from the ‘Device Manager. If all the devices show the message, ‘this device is working properly, then you do not need to worry about it. Sometimes, adding extra hardware (video card or ram or hard drive) to the laptop can be too much for it to take. In this case, you need to try removing the newly added hardware and see if that works. It is better to leave such work to the experts.
Update the Device Drivers
The error can be on the software level although all the hardware is ok. The old device drivers need to be updated periodically. You can update the drivers manually or can use driver expert applications that are good at knowing which drivers need to be updated automatically. For manual updates, navigate to the ‘Device Manager and click on all the devices separately to update the drivers. Make sure that the right drivers are updated.
5. Change Power and Sleep Settings
When does your laptop shut down or go to sleep after clicking on the power button? It is a crucial question because if the laptop is asked to shut down after 5 minutes or 10 minutes from the moment you command it to turn off, then it can be a cause for a random shut down error. You need to change some settings; follow the steps provided here.
Step 1: Click on the Windows icon located at the bottom left corner of the screen. Now, tap on the ‘Settings’ with a gear icon.
Step 2: Next, tap on the ‘System’ option from the list in the Settings menu.
Step 3: From the left bar, click on the ‘Power & sleep’ option.
Step 4: Look at the command provided for the ‘Screen’ and ‘Sleep’ options. ‘When plugged in, turn off or go to sleep after’- make it ‘Never’ from the drag-down menu.
Changing this setting might solve the matter. If it does not, then the problem lies elsewhere and the solution might remain in the following segments.
6. Turn Off the Fast Startup Feature
The fast start-up is a feature of Windows 10 that makes sure that the booting process is quick and smooth when you power on the laptop or computer. Yes, it is an excellent feature as you do not need to wait for long to start Windows; but there is a drawback to this feature. If the feature is enabled, the operating system does not close the system drivers and other system files when you shut down your laptop so that it can instantly load those files during the booting operation. This leads to the quickness of starting up the Windows and maybe making the laptop randomly shut down itself.
To turn off the fast start-up feature, click on the ‘Additional power settings’ option found in the power & sleep menu mentioned earlier.
Next, from the left panel, tap on the ‘Choose what the power buttons do’.
Hit the ‘Change settings that are currently unavailable link so that you are able to change some of the shutdown settings.
Make sure that the ‘Turn on fast startup checkbox is not right-clicked. Then hit the ‘Save changes’ box.
Tweaking With Some Other Power Settings
If the problem persists, you can try this method. We are going to tweak some power settings. To do this, remain on the ‘Power Options’ under the settings menu. After clicking on the ‘Ultimate Performance’, click on the ‘Change plan settings’ link right beside it.
Next, tap on the ‘Change advanced power settings‘ option.
Now, navigate to the ‘Processor power management’; under minimum process state, make the settings percentage to 0 (zero).
Then, make sure that turning off the hard disk after 0 minutes is commanded. After this, click on the ‘Apply’ button to save the changes you have made.
8. Run Anti-Virus Software
The invasion of viruses and malware can also cause your laptop to shut down randomly. Although it is a rare case, you should not take any chance against some of the ominous computer viruses. You must scan your laptop regularly with quality anti-virus software and take necessary actions if any virus is found. Run the anti-virus software in the background all the time so that any potential threat is identified at any time.
9. Reinstall the Windows
Reinstalling Windows can be a solution to stop your laptop from randomly shutting down if the problem is on the software side.
10. Go to the Service Center Regularly
It is better to do servicing your laptop regularly. The issue might be severe, any internal device might be faulty, and servicing is the only solution to the problem. As you most probably are not an expert, hence go to the nearby service center to make sure that all the hard drives are functioning well and at an optimal level.
Your laptop is not subjected to all the issues mentioned in this article; so you would not require all the 10 fixes. As it is hard to pinpoint the exact error, you have to try different solutions; hopefully, one of them will work for you. However, try to get as close as possible to the potential problem that causes your laptop to shut down randomly so that you can find the fix quickly.