Cyberattack is one of the most happening crimes nowadays. The number of cyberattacks is increasing day by day. Due to globalization, the internet is available to most people. The bad people use this to harm others. There are different types of cyber-attacks that are happening in the world. We should know about the attacks and report them if necessary.
An attack is a kind of action in which any person can be hurt or it can be harmful in any way. A cyberattack is a type of attack in which any person gets illegal access to computer information, personal device, infrastructures. These assets can be exposed, altered, stole in this cyber attack. Sometimes they can be done by people who are employed by foreign agents, organizations, or any kind of group.
Now the punishment of cyberattacks is strict. The rules are very strict by the government. Hackers without any government license are forbidden in any country. People can take legal actions against them.
There are various types of cyber attacks which are happening now. So, what are the different types of cyber-attacks? The types are described below.
A phishing attack is a kind of cyber attack. It is done in order to get the personal information of any individual. They can get the information by sending messages via email or other sources. Then the person gives the information as they think them from trusted sources. The hacker creates a trusted identity of the individual who is the trusted people of the individual. Then they send emails using the sources. This kind of attack not only needs computer hacking or any tricky knowledge but also needs social communication skills in order to gain information. Also, many websites refer to downloading or doing something to enter into those sites. After this, it can easily access your personal account. But you can prevent this attack. Here is an article about how to prevent phishing.
Spear phishing is a type of phishing. In this, attackers only send messages via email. They create id and create messages which are very relevant to any individual. In this cyberattack, the created fake id can be very hard to identify. It is also called email spoofing. In this phishing, the From section of the email carries an address which is the id of the person of known people. So he or she can give any information they want. Also, attackers can use website cloning techniques to get information. To know more.
Whale Phishing is a kind of phishing. In this type of phishing, the attacker only concerns high-profile people. They are such as CEO, many high position employees, politicians, etc. This phishing is done mainly to gather very important information about any company, organization, or country. The high-profile people are targeted because they have important information regarding this. They can be so sensitive that the leaked information can damage any organization or country so much. So you should be concerned about your organization’s security.
Sometimes the attackers blackmail the victims with the information to collect a high amount of money. It is called whale regarding the high profile employees are attacked in this.
Malware is a type of cyber attack which is used as a code. This code can hack or change anyone’s computer system without the consent of the owner. This particular cyberattack requires software which is called malevolent software. For example spyware, ransomware, etc. You can do this across the network and destroy the system. It can hardly be detected. It can destroy any machine from anywhere. Many high-profile people, businessmen, politicians are the victims of malware attacks. You can remove malware with Windows Defender if you see any sign of a virus attack.
A drive-by attack is a type of malware that affects a computer system. In this attacker creates a website that attracts the victim. When the victim goes into the planted website it the system of the computer will be infected. PHP or HTTP is planted in those fake websites to infect the computer system. The script in the website can easily install the malware in the system of the computer. Without knowing anyone, it can destroy the system. This is called drive-by because the victim does not need to act in this except going into the website. So anyone should not enter any fake website.
Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attack
Denial of service (DDoS) is a type of cyber attack in which attacker concerns about a particular website. He wants to shut down the website and inaccessible to anyone. In this attack, the attacker fills the site with a lot of traffic and other trash. It floods with so much information that the users can not enter into it. Also the employees, owners cannot enter into the website. They can destroy the website by doing this attack. The attacker generally targets high-profile organizations or any government website. It makes it unavailable to the user. It costs a lot of money to the victims. But you can prevent them using some easy way.
A password attack is one of the important serious cyber attacks. It generally targets a user and obtains the password. The attacker can encrypt or decrypt the password and gather any personal and important information about the user. It is illegal to know this information without any government license. The hackers can achieve a lot of valuable information and blackmail the victims for money. You have to enable strong security for defending the password attack.
Brute-Force and Dictionary Network Attacks
Dictionary and brute force attacks are a kind of networking attack in which attackers try to achieve information by logging into any individual’s id. They log in to this by typing and checking all the passwords that are possible. They try this until they get the accurate one. It is called brutal force as it means the system can be achieved by going through repetitive attempts. Also, this attack is done by dictionary software for combining words in the password.
An eavesdropping attack is a kind of cyber attack in which the attacker intercepts traffic in the network. It is a type of attack in network security. In this attacker receives data or information during the transmission process. When any data is transferred between any client and host or server, the hacker snoops it and collects the data. They generally weaken the transmission in this attack. It is usually done by using network monitors for example sniffers to do this attack. Anyone cannot easily detect it as it does not harm the transmission. So before connecting your device to a particular network, you should be aware of it.
Man in the Middle (MITM) Attack
MITM is a type of cyber attack which interferes with two parties in the communication. They use eavesdrop to weaken the network and collect the data. In this, the attacker can destroy the access of the two entities between each other. For this reason, it is called a man in the middle attack. The attacker changes or modifies messages during the communication. So the parties cannot detect that. They send messages continuously without knowing anything. The man in the middle of the attacker controls their communication.
Cross-site scripting (XSS) attack
This attack is done to collect all the information of the victim’s device or browser. The steps are done in this attack.
- At first, the attacker selects a webpage to load its malware script.
- Then he drops the script on the site.
- Website database steals the cookies of the victim’s browser.
- The website sends the browser cookies to the attacker.
- Thus the attacker can know everything from the victim.
Various kinds of cyber attacks happen nowadays. People are attacked, blackmailed because of these attacks. Many companies, businesses are destroyed. So we should be more careful using our devices, internet. Strong security or defense should be mounted in this manner. Also, the laws of cybercrime laws should be known to everyone. And now we hope you know a lot about different types of cyber-attacks.